V. Miss Joaquim ' Hilo Princess ' (teres x hookeriana) MC2162
  • Vanda Miss Joaquim ' Hilo Princess ' ( teres x hookeriana )

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Vanda Miss Joaquim is the National Flower of Singapore. It is a hybrid between Vanda teres and Vanda hookeriana, originally made in 1893 by Miss Agnes Joaquim a well-known Armenian horticulturist living in Singapore. Because no records were kept regarding its hybridization, it was a mystery which one of the two species was the pod parent and which one was the pollen parent. The mystery was finally solved in 2011 when Dr. Gillian Khew, Senior Researcher at Singapore Botanic Gardens, tested tissue from the original 1893 specimen that been preserved in the Gardens' herbarium for DNA sequence information. Dr. Khew confirmed that Vanda teres is the pod parent.


V. Miss Joaquim is also known as the “Princess Aloha Flower”. V. Miss Joaquim was a major commercial agricultural product in Hawaii due to the high demand for leis, corsages, and cut flowers. At one time, there were several thousand growers of Vanda Miss Joaquim in the Hawaiian islands.


Because both V. teres and V. hookeriana are now classified as Papilionanthe, V. Miss Joaquim is currently known as Papilionanthe Miss Joaquim, though many still call it by its original name.


The name ‘Hilo Princess’ was given by Norman Fang to an unusually compact clone from among the remake of V. Miss Joaquim when he was a student at the University of Hawaii at Hilo. V. Miss Joaquim 'Hilo Princess' is a robust, compact-growing, sun-loving plant that requires heavy fertilizing, along with free air movement and high humidity. They thrive in the full summer sun with plenty of air circulation and do particularly well where summers are warm, wet, and humid. Flowers are large, fragrant, and long-lasting. Compact growing, suitable for growing indoors or outdoors. This is a top cutting from the mother plant in our private collection.

Color Pink,Other
BloomSeason Spring,Summer,Fall
PropagationMethod Division
Fragrance Yes
PlantLocation Greenhouse,House
LightRequirement Strong 2000+ F.C.
Species False
CompactGrower False
Temperature Warm
Class Vandaceous , Botanical
Genus V.
HybridName Miss Joaquim
Cultivar Hilo Princess
PodParent teres
PollenParent hookeriana


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